I’ve stumbled across the work of Ray Toal, and there is a lot to explore. I wish I had lectures like this in my university. Algorithms, data structures, databases, programming languages, security, networking, and much more.
I especially like Computer Language Semantics. He covers what is syntax, syntax design, and has good introductions to many languages with lots of examples (for example, to Clojure). Quite a good way to get started with a new language when you already know some programming. He also published a book Programming Language Explorations which, I think, is based on these courses. He published a ple GitHub repo for the book with examples of programs on each language he covers (and that’s a lot of languages). Also, the book landing page links a few similar resources, like Syntax Across Languages, a big page that compares how the syntax for different things (like function call) looks like in different languages. And he also provides this overview page of different languages, with a short description, application examples, links, and tags.
But there is more cool stuff, I can’t reasonably cover it in a single post. For example, this guide on clean code. Or intro to command line. As I said, a lot to uncover. I recommend you to go right to his home page and find yourself what resonates with you: https://cs.lmu.edu/~ray/